A pressed homogenous fibreboard having a mean density of not less than 800 kg/sq m.
A comprehensive guide to the most common timber terms from A to Z.
A property of wood that enables it to resist indentation. It is measure in kN and is often determined by the Janka hardness test.
A general term for timber of broad leafed trees classified botanically as Angiosperm. The term has no reference to the relative hardness of the wood.
The wood making up the centre part of the tree, beneath the sapwood. Cells of heartwood no longer participate in the life processes of the tree. Heartwood may contain phenolic compounds, gums, resins, and other materials that usually make it darker and more decay resistant than sapwood.
Timber with or without wane, finished to size with hand tools such as an axe or adze.
A pattern of pin-holes left by insect attack
A drying defect which occurs when tensile stresses in the core (usually a result of collapse) result in the formation of internal cavities.
Horizontally Laminated Timber
Laminated timber designed to resist bending loads applied perpendicular to the wide face of the laminations. For vertical loads, this means that the wide face runs horizontally.
A joint where one piece is notched or grooved to receive the other piece.
A device for automatically regulating the relative humidity of air.
A general term for the presence of water vapour in air. There is a known limit to the amount of water vapour that air can hold at any particular temperature.
An instrument for measuring the humidity of air.
Changes its moisture content to be in equilibrium with the atmosphere.
A device for automatically regulating the equilibrium moisture content of the air. See also Humidistat.
Hyperbolic Paraboloid Shell
A complex curved surface which has one line which is always straight.
As applied to timber's moisture content, the tendency of dried wood to reach equilibrium with any specified temperature and relative humidity at a lower moisture content when absorbing moisture from a drier state than when losing moisture from a wetter state.